Clinical studies have proven that carnosine is a powerful antioxidant agent that protects the cells from the damage of oxidative stress. It has the properties that make a great antiaging product that can be found in creams, drinks, supplements, etc... All of this apart from its effects of increasing strength, muscle mass, and fat burning.
Carnosine is the result of the combination of beta-alanine and l-histidine. As in the case of Carnitine, the word Carnosine is made from the root "carn", that means meat, referring to the fact that it is found especially in proteins of animal origin.
Although it can be found in several places in the body, the main reserves are found at a muscle level.
It is located in the heart cells and nerves.
Among the functions of carnosine, the most important one is to avoid a low pH level, which improves performance by delaying muscle fatigue. As we grow old, carnosine reserves are spent, becoming a 47% lower in old people. This makes it a supplement of great interest to this particular demographic group.
Carnosine is also a powerful antioxidant that protects cells, proteins, DNA and lipids from oxidative destruction and breakdown.
Thanks to its unique effects, the body can stay young, vital and healthy for longer.
What is carnosine?
- It is a dipeptide (beta-alanyl-L-histidine) composed of the amino acids alanine and histidine which are very concentrated in the brain and muscles
- It is an excellent antioxidant which acts against free radicals
- It protects all the cells in body with its anti-aging properties
- It is a beta-amyloid blocker, which is a substance that attacks the nerve tissue
- Carnosine is produced by the body itself
Properties and benefits of carnosine
Carnosine facilitates the elimination of toxic substances from the body, for example, zinc and copper, which reinforces the immune system. Aditionally, carnosine helps to fight free radicals that may cause cancer.
Carnosine has an important role in wound healing by accelerating the process.
It is useful to counteract the side effects of chemotherapy, reducing the damage to blood cells and the toxicity of the bone marrow. Thanks to its antioxidant effect, it reduces oxidative stress and chemotherapy-induced genotoxicity.
Another of its beneficial effects is to protect against the damage caused by high blood sugar and alcohol levels. It even has a hepatoprotective effect, which is ideal for maintaining a healthy liver.
Carnosine supplements can be highly interesting for athletes.
The ability of an athlete to resist fatigue can determine the intensity and duration of the workout session and, therefore, it can have an impact on their objectives. Resistance to fatigue is limited in part by intramuscular carnosine concentrations.
Carnosine is a substance that helps to delay fatigue through a series of mechanisms, among which is included its physiological ability to regulate pH, and to reduce oxidative stress by directly facilitating the excitation-contraction processes.
When we do high intensity physical exercise and maintain this intensity for a long period of time, waste substances are produced which cause acidity in the body. Carnosine reduces said acidity and, as a result, reduces fatigue, which will have an important role as a physiological pH regulator.
Carnosine is recommended:
- To fight against the aging of cells
- For the prevention of cancer
- For patients with neurological disorders
- To combat physical and mental stress
- In cases of autism
- In cases of diabetes
What foods contain carnosine?
Human beings have the ability to synthesise certain amounts of carnosine in the body. However, as we age, the amount ofcarnosine available in the body decreases more and more. This leads to the aging of cells and a weakening of the immune system. Therefore, the body needs an additional intake of carnosine which can be obtained through dietary supplements.
Meat is particularly rich in carnosine. The reason for this is that carnosine is found mainly in muscle tissue. We can also consume carnosine through dietary supplements.
What causes a carnosine deficiency?
A carnosine deficiency can manifest itself in different ways. The first symptoms are usually a strong sensation of thirst, an increase in glucose levels, and fatigue.
Carnosine is stored in the muscles and organs such as the kidneys, liver, or heart. It cannot be detected through blood. Carnosine levels can only be analysed through the muscle cells.
When there is a carnosine deficiency in the organism we must immediately restore the balance by consuming carnosine dietary supplements.
Carnosine Intake and Mode of Administration
It is used in medicine for the treatment of various diseases. For example, it is used to prevent the hardening of the arteries, in order to strengthen the functioning of nerve cells, to reduce cellular aging, and to destroy free radicals.
Carnosine is used by professional athletes to maintain muscle pH. This is key in order to reduce fatigue and pain in the muscles, which allows athletes to perform more intensive training and to do more repetitions in bodybuilding exercises.
The intake of a carnosine dietary supplement depends on the goal of its consumer. Generally, the intake moves between 400 mg and 1000 mg.
The dose depends on body weight, physical condition, and other factors. Carnosine is consumed 30 minutes before meals, since this helps to reach the muscle cells better and the intake is more efficient.
Who is carnosine especially important for?
- For athletes
- For patients of muscle diseases
- For people with a neurological disease
- For people with increased risk of cancer
- For diabetic patients
- For patients with high blood pressure
- In situations involving an increase in stress
Side effects of carnosine
High intakes of carnosine can cause insomnia and difficulty to sleep. A feeling of anxiety or over-excitement can occur in these cases.
Carnosine according to experts
There are numerous research and clinical studies on the positive effects of carnosine for the treatment of various diseases. Experts agree on assuring that carnosine has many benefits for cells.
Carnosine is a fully-recognised natural treatment for cellular aging.
Some clinical studies have confirmed the importance of carnosine for eliminating heavy metals from the body.
It has also has been discovered that the use of carnosine has a positive effect in treating muscle disorders, to the point of increasing the mobility of muscles and significantly enhancing physical performance.
Carnosine can slow down the aging of the skin, and it can even rejuvenate the skin cells. When we talk about anti-aging, most of us think of expensive cosmetic treatments.