Red Yeast Rice by Solgar is a food supplement based on red yeast rice extract. Red yeast rice has formed part of traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. Red yeast rice is product of the fermentation of a specific red yeast vine (Monascus purpureus) on rice.
Red yeast rice naturally contains monacolins that have the property of acting as inhibitors of HMG-CoA reductase, an enzyme charged with regulating the synthesis of cholesterol in the liver. It contains the same esterols (betasiterols, campesterols, stigmaesterols and sapogenins), isoflavones and monounsaturated fatty acids. The active ingredient in red yeast rice is the same active ingredient as in the drugs on sale under medical prescription called statins, which are used in the treatment of high cholesterol.
This is why red yeast rice has all the possible side effects, the interactions with other drugs and the precautions associated with this type of medication. As well as its properties to reduce cholesterol, red yeast rice is also used for indigestion, for diarrhoea, to improve blood circulation and to maintain the good health of the spleen and the stomach.