- Xanthan gum powder
- Food thickener
- Ideal to provide consistency to sauces, creams, desserts, etc
- Perfect to provide thickness to fruit juices
- Helps prevent ice crystals in ice creams.
- Satiating affect
- Vegetable origin product
What is Xanthan Gum?
La Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide with a high molecular weight that is produced from the fermentation of carbohydrates (corn starch) by the bacterium Xanthomonas Campestris. It is mainly used as a food thickener and it is classified in the list of ingredients as E-415.
Properties of Xanthan Gum
Physically, the xanthan gum is presented in a powder format with a white/cream color. Nutritionally, it contributes only 3 calories per gram, it does not contribute fat or protein, it is a pure carbohydrate in the form of a soluble and indigestible fiber, that absorbs water when passing through the digestive system. For this reason many people use xanthan gum to increase the fiber intake in their diets. In addition, xanthan gum has multiple uses.
What is the use of Xanthan Gum?
The main use of this substance is to modify the original consistency of a liquid, providing it with viscosity and density. It can act as a thickener agent, stabilizer, emulsifier or suspending agent.
Within the food industry it is widely used to provide consistency to dairy products, sauces, instant products, bakery or fruit juices. Xanthan gum has many advantages with regards to other emulsifiers, because it does not alter the flavour, smell or colour of the food that it is added to.
Many people consume xanthan gum to increase their fiber intake, improve digestive transit and also reduce appetite. This is due to the fact that it is a non-digestible polysaccharide, it is a humectant, that attracts liquids in the intestine and expands, providing a greater satiating sensation and improving the intestinal transit.
Xanthan Gum Recipes
It can be used in multiple recipes, as it is not affected by being cooked or by large amounts of salt. Likewise it does not significantly affect the pH of the food nor does it alter the temperature of the liquid, and it hardly adds any calories to the recipe:
- Approximately 3 calories per gram, keeping in mind that the amounts that are used are very small.
Another differentiating factor, with regards to the rest of the thickeners, is that it can be used cold, ie, it is not necessary to apply heat or boil the food, for it to work.
Xanthan gum is soluble both in hot and cold water, it gets hydrated very quickly once dispersed and facilitates the retention of water, producing very viscous solutions, at low concentrations. In addition, its solutions have a constant viscosity in temperatures that range from freezing to near boiling point, with an incredible thermal stability.
The uses of Xanthan Gum
- Drinks: Xanthan gum is widely used to give consistency to fruit and vegetable drinks and juices. If these drinks contain pieces of fruit or pulp, the use of xanthan gum helps to maintain the suspension and give them a better appearance. Xanthan gum is often used in cocktails to increase density and cause particles or fruit to remain in stable suspension.
- Dairy products: It is very common to mix xanthan gum with guar gum, locust bean gum or both and for them to be used as stabilizers for ice cream, sorbet and chocolates. Adding it improves the creaminess of the ice cream, avoiding like this the amounts of fat needed to provide an equivalent texture, and thus making a less caloric, low in fat, ice cream. In addition, the xanthan gum prevents ice crystals from forming, making them more creamy, and it favours the formation of micro-air bubbles which provides volume and lightness to the ice cream. It is used for making dairy desserts such as custards because it only adds 30 calories per tablespoon, especially used in egg substitutes to simulate the yolk.
- Sauces and dressings: Many sauces and dressings incorporate xanthan gum to provide greater stability to the emulsions and give them a thicker and creamier touch. Sauces thickened with xanthan can be frozen without any problems since they will not lose their qualities once they are defrosted.
- Bakery products: In the baking industry, xanthan gum is a widely used ingredient especially for its ability to increase water retention during baking and prolong the shelf life of the finished bakery products and the refrigerated doughs. In many breads, xanthan gum is used as an egg substitute, in particular it can reduce the egg white content without affecting the appearance or taste of the product.
- Syrups, toppings, condiments: The great qualities of xanthan gum-based solutions, make it possible for it to be used in syrups, toppings and condiments. Butter creams and chocolate toppings that are enriched with xanthan gum have an excellent consistency and flowing properties and thanks to their high viscosity at rest, they provide a dense and appetizing appearance.
It is likely that if you add Xanthan Gum to your recipes, you will have to decrease the amounts of dry ingredients or increase a bit the quantities of liquid ingredients.
Other uses of Xanthan Gum
In addition to its gastronomic uses, xanthan gum is used in medicine to lower blood sugar and total cholesterol levels in people with diabetes, it is an ingredient in some sustained release tablets. It is used as a saliva substitute in people with dry mouth (Sjogren's syndrome). And it is also used as a laxative because it ferments and swells up in the intestine, which helps stimulate the digestive tract to enhance the expulsion of faeces.
Xanthan Gum side effects
Taking xanthan gum over a long period of time has no side effects. It is always a good idea to drink water when you consume a product that contains xanthan gum, to prevent dehydration.
Who can take Xanthan Gum?
- People looking for a thickener for their cooking recipes (sauces, condiments, etc.)
- Enhance the texture and consistency of recipes such as bread, dough, pastry, bakery products...
- As a satiating agent to help control appetite.
Nutritional Facts XANTHAN GUM 150g
|per serviceper 100g|
|Information XANTHAN GUM 150g|
|Serving's size: 3/4 dispenser (2g)|
|Amount per serving|
|of which saturates||0g|
|of which sugars||0g|
|Ingredients: Xanthan gum powder.|
How to take GOMA XANTANA:Add 3/4 of a teaspoon (2g) to your products to improve viscosity.
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