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Melatonine is the hormone in charge of regulating sleep. Nowadays, we can find many melatonin dietary supplements in pharmacies and parapharmacies that are sold as the new panacea to fall asleep, since not only does it fight insomnia but it also has other benefits for health, such as antioxidant effects and the prevention of cell aging, which contributes to reduce the risk of cancer and cardiovascular diseases.
The properties of melatonin and its possible side effects have not been investigated in depth, for this reason it is only used as a natural remedy to combat insomnia.
Effects of melatonin
Melatonin is the hormone that controls the biological sleep-wake cycle, also known as the circadian rhythm.
It is produced by the body itself and synthesized in the brain, mainly in the pineal gland (epiphysis), although other smaller amounts are formed in the retina, the digestive tract, and the intestines.
However, melatonin in the pineal gland is primarily in charge of the sleep-wake cycle. The hormone is only secreted by the pineal gland at night.
The system works like this: melatonin is secreted in the blood and it gradually increases until it reaches its highest point halfway through the night. In the early hours of the day it drops again because light inhibitis its production.
In addition, the hormone has many more effects on health: it reduces the temperature of the body, stimulates the immune system, it is involved in the release of sexual hormones, and affects learning and memory.
Melatonin is not limited only to regulating the sleep-wake cycle, but it also participates in many biological functions which include the renal function and blood pressure, apart from the circadian rhythm.
Since melatonin not only affects the sleep-wake process, but it is also involved in other biological processes, we should assess these effects before using this hormone.
What is the cause of Melatonin disorders?
Working during night shifts or jet-lag when travelling abroad can lead to disorders in the normal production of melatonin.
An additional consumption of melatonin can fix these disorders and help people to sleep. Despite this, melatonin still remains controversial.
In some medical studies on jet lag, melatonin was found to positively affect sleep. But in other cases, the benefits were not proven after a period of one day. This is because their effects depend on several circumstances: time differences, different types of flight, etc.
The additional consumption of melatonin also helps the body to get used to the normal daily routine during working shifts.
The recommended amount of melatonin also helps blind people, or those whose sleep-wake cycle do not follow the day-night cycle.
Factors that reduce the synthesis of Melatonin
An inadequate diet
Smoking and drinking alcohol
Using anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Taking medication for anxiety
Taking medication for hypertension, blockers of beta and calcium channels
Birth control pills
Main properties and benefits of Melatonin
Melatonin's antioxidant effects have been scientifically proven.
The melatonin hormone intercepts free radicals that damage and destroy the cells. Unlike other fat-soluble antioxidant elements, melatonin provides a much more complete protection from free radicals.
This is because cell aging is related to a decrease of melatonin.
Due to the antioxidant properties of melatonin, it does not only have anti-aging properties but also many other benefits for health. These benefits particularly include helping to prevent and control cancer and cardiovascular diseases.
The effects of melatonin on cancer have been studied in different medical trials, but with conflicting results. For this reason, consulting a doctor is advised for patients with cancer, or who are undergoing chemotherapy.
Melatonin and depression
Changes in the production of melatonin are particularly frequent during the winter, since there is a decrease in light levels.
This can result in sleep disorders, fatigue, and depression. To avoid this problem you should go out and walk during the day, since daylight contributes to the inhibition of the release of melatonin and regulates its levels in the blood.
Light therapy is normally used in those cases which present more severe symtpoms
It has the ability to improve mental and emotional health. This hormone helps to combat depression and it is able to balance mood. It helps to protect old people from some of the disorders related to aging, such as Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease, and strokes.
Melatonin and insomnia
As we age, our body produces less melatonin and it is more difficult to sleep because of this.
Therefore, many experts recommend taking melatonin capsules to sleep in the case of people over the age of 55.
This supplement helps to achieve sleep, treats short-term insomnia and poor quality of sleep (primary insomnia).
Sleep disorders caused by diseases or medication can be successfully treated with melatonin.
However, the treatment of more severe sleep disorders with melatonin is much more difficult, since many individuals do not obtain satisfactory results only by using it.
Tip: If you suffer from insomnia, you should try to sleep in a very dark room so that the pineal gland system releases melatonin as long as possible. You should not turn on the television or take work to bed, as well as using computer screens, mobile phones, or tablets before bedtime.
Melatonin and the immune system
Melatonin has the ability to encourage the proper functioning of T-lymphocytes and it stimulates the synthesis of interleukin-4, which in turn works on the stromal cells in the bone marrow and favors the synthesis of hematopoietic factors, which helps to counteract the weakening of the immune system caused by stress, changes in temperature, consumption of certain medicines (including chemotherapy), and the attack of viruses, etc.
It is also known for having a significant antioxidant action related to reducing the symptoms of aging, which is the reason why it is known as the "youth hormone". It helps to neutralize the free radicals, which slows aging. It also has the ability to pass through the membranes of all the cells of the body, including the ones in the brain.
Melatonin improves the quality of life, specially for old people
Melatonin and migraines
A promising study also suggests that melatonin may reduce the frequency and severity of headaches produced by migraines. Scientists relate this effect to its anti-inflammatory task and the fact that it sweeps away free radicals, which relieves headaches.
It can help women to regulate their menstrual cycle. This is due to the fact that melatonin is also one of the hormones in charge of controlling the timing and release of female reproductive hormones. For this reason, melatonin can help to determine when menstruation starts, the frequency and duration of the cycle, and when it finally ends (menopause).
It favors the synthesis of the growth hormone in the organism. New research regarding this hormone shows that it has a positive effect on the natural synthesis of human growth hormones. We can say that both hormones are closely related if we take into account that the growth hormone is released when we sleep and that melatonin induces sleep, increasing its length and quality.
It protects the cells of our body from the free radicals produced during oxidation, which also plays a role in the aging process. In addition, this hormone helps to avoid fatigue, chronic tiredness, sleepiness, and lack of energy. We know that a proper rest is essential for people who practice sports. The quality of sleep involves not only the necessary recovery of energy, but also making sure that all the regeneration processes work correctly.
Apart from being a natural sleep remedy, using melatonin dietary supplement is advisable to treat other health problems: fighting cell aging, enhacing fat-burning, fighting hair loss, and preventing and mitigating the adverse effects of diseases such as AIDS, Alzheimer's disease, and several types of cancer.
How to use Melatonin
You must use the indicated amount for the dietary supplement, 30-60 minutes before bedtime.
We recommend taking between 1 to 3 milligrams of melatonin, which is also the amount that is usually used for most nutritional supplements.
Melatonin can be used with other natural supplements that encourage relaxation, such as Valerian, Passiflora, Melisa, or Tila.
What are the side effects of Melatonin?
When melatonin is used during a short period of time (from two to three months maximum) we can barely observe any side effects.
The most typical are: sleepiness, decreased concentration, nightmares, stomach cramps, dizziness, headaches, irritability, decreased sexual desire and even interruption of the natural sleep-wake circadian rhythms.
However, the risks and side effects of the administration of melatonin over the long term are still unexplored. In any case, you should always read the product instructions carefully and always follow the recommended daily amount.
For safety reasons, you should avoid taking melatonin during pregnancy, lactation, or when suffering from serious allergies.
People with diabetes or high blood pressure should ask for medical advice before using melatonin.
Who can benefit from Melatonin?
Melatonin supplements are advisable specially during periods of insomnia produced either by stress or other factors such as:
Working hours with shifts or different schedules.
Chronic insomnia or difficulty to sleep.
Helps to regulate the sleep-wake cycle of blind people.
What are the interactions that can be caused by Melatonin?
There may be a melatonin interaction if it is consumed with antiepileptic, antidepressants (SSRIS), and antithrombotic medicines. For this reason, people who are taking these medicines should consult a doctor before consuming melatonin.
Melatonin is a supplement that is becoming more and more popular among the general public because, unlike sleeping pills, it does not cause intolerance and you do not need to progressively increase the amount, which provides more satisfactory results.
In other words, while a sleeping pill makes you sleep, Melatonin prepares the organism for a much more natural and restful sleep. In addition, this hormone has many beneficial properties for the body, like its highly antioxidant effect.
Where can I buy Melatonin supplements?
Buy melatonin online at Hsnstore.com. We have a wide range of products made of melatonin which encourage relaxation and a good night's rest.
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