What is Taurine?
Taurine is an essential amino acid for some mammals like cats, but humans synthesize it without any issue, which is why a deficit of this element is quite rare. Some of the benefits of taurine lie on its high antioxidant power which reduces the number of free radicals, it also participates in the production of the bile, regulates the heartbeat, and it even participates in the nerve regulation, which is why it is associated with antiepileptic properties.
Properties of Taurine
Taurine is a non-protein amino acid. It is found in the skeletal muscle, the heart, the brain, and the retina.
It is synthesized in our organism through the methionine and cysteine amino acids, which use vitamin B6 as a cofactor in the enzymatic reaction that takes place. The taurine that we consume thoughout the day through the food we eat is not enough to meet the requirements of this essential amino acid. To do this, it is advisable to take it through supplementation, either in powder or capsules.
Taurine has multiple biological and metabolic functions: it is an antioxidant, it conjugates the bile acids, detoxifies some xenobiotics, and regulates the levels of intracellular calcium. It also plays a role in the osmoregulation, the neuromodulation, and the stabilization of the membranes.
To sum up, the most remarkable properties of taurine are:
- It performs an antioxidant action which reduces the increase of oxidative stress after physical exercise
- It improves the sport performance
- It prevents cardiovascular diseases along with magnesium
- It works as a neuromediator and neuromodulator and it is responsible for the osmoregulation
- It regulates the metabolism of glucose
- It has an anti-inflammatory effect
Taurine Powder and sport
Taurine is a fundamental element for many physiological processes, some of them will be enhanced due to the exogenous supply which will improve the resistance physical performance.
The consumption of taurine as a supplement results in an increase of the levels of strength and a reduction of muscle soreness, as well as lactate dehydrogenase, the activity of creatine kinase, and oxidative damage. The taurine supplements can improve the performance and reduce the oxidative stress in sports.
A normal level of taurine is important for the proper functioning of the skeletal muscle. Its task in the skeletal muscle consists on contributing to the regulation of the cell volume and on helping with the antioxidant defense to stress responses.
Taurine affects the contraction of the skeletal muscle by reducing the oxidative stress, by reducing the production of superoxide free radicals.
Who can benefit from Taurine powder?
- Those who want to enrich their diet with this amino acid
- Those who want to follow a healthy lifestyle
Bibliography about Taurine
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2. Bidri M, Choay P. Taurine: a particular aminoacid with multiple functions. Ann Pharm Fr. 2003 Nov;61(6):385-91.
3. Waldron M, Patterson SD, Tallent J3, Jeffries O. The Effects of an Oral Taurine Dose and Supplementation Period on Endurance Exercise Performance in Humans: A Meta-Analysis. Sports Med. 2018 May;48(5):1247-1253. doi: 10.1007/s40279-018-0896-2.
4. da Silva LA, Tromm CB, Bom KF, Mariano I, Pozzi B, da Rosa GL, Tuon T, da Luz G, Vuolo F, Petronilho F, Cassiano W, De Souza CT, Pinho RA. Effects of taurine supplementation following eccentric exercise in young adults. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2014 Jan;39(1):101-4. doi: 10.1139/apnm-2012-0229.
5. Spriet LL , Whitfield J. Taurine and skeletal muscle function. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2015 Jan;18(1):96-101. doi: 10.1097/MCO.0000000000000135.
6. Silva LA, Silveira PC , Ronsani MM , Souza PS , Scheffer D , Vieira LC , Benetti M , De Souza CT , Pinho RA . Taurine supplementation decreases oxidative stress in skeletal muscle after eccentric exercise. Cell Biochem Funct. 2011 Jan-Feb;29(1):43-9. doi: 10.1002/cbf.1716.